In recent years, cosmetic dentistry has flourished, providing more techniques and treatments for dentists to create more dazzling smiles for their patients. What a dentist can do cosmetically goes far beyond whitening. Your dentist can give you a whole new outlook on life.
Dentists have an array of smile enhancing tools and methods of care at their disposal. Below is a list of the most popularly used cosmetic treatments used by dentists.
Professional whitening treatments either done in your dentist's office or sent with you to perform at home, are by far the most common cosmetic dental method used today. They have light procedures as well as gels and trays they can administer in their office, with guaranteed results. Many patients opt for home treatment, as it provides more flexibility and may be a less potent treatment.
Dentists have used veneers to enhance the look of teeth for generations. Mainly in the past 30 years has the cosmetic dental industry really exploded.
Certain types of veneers are even used to fill teeth. Using teeth-colored fillings instead of traditional silver fillings greatly improves the look, and your dentist can replace or cover old unsightly fillings with these enamel colored veneers. This is a fantastic way to turn back the time, and the toll it has taken on your teeth.
Many general dentists now offer what was once an orthodontist's domain: straightening services. Today they have more options than traditional braces to straighten them and improve their appearance. Invisible trays that realign teeth over time are currently hugely popular. Your dentist, instead of having to seek elsewhere for these services, can oversee this mode treatment.
General dentists are providing many more services to their patients, many of which are cosmetic dental services. It saves patients time and potentially money when they can receive all their dental treatments in one place, by their own dentist they have come to trust. By calling your dentist today and inquiring about the cosmetic dental treatments they provide, you can be on our way to getting the smile you have always wanted, as well as a newfound confidence.
In recent years, cosmetic dentistry has flourished, providing more techniques and treatments for dentists to create more dazzling smiles for their patients. Professional whitening treatments either done in your dentist's office or sent with you to perform at home, are by far the most common cosmetic dental method used today. General dentists are providing many Orthodontist in Vernon more services to their patients, many of which are cosmetic dental services. By calling your dentist today and inquiring about the cosmetic dental treatments they provide, you can be on our way to getting the smile you have always wanted, as well as a newfound confidence.
Normal Hair Growth Cycles
Undisturbed, each terminal scalp hair usually grows continuously for about approximately three to five years. The hair transitions into a resting state where the visible portion above the skin is shed. No hair grows from the follicle for 90 days. Once this time has passed, a new hair begins growing through the skin and continues for another three to five years at a rate of approximately 1/2 inch per month.
It is thought that as many as 100 genes are involved in regulating the creation, construction and cycling of scalp hair. To date, very few of these genes have been identified.
Common Pattern Hair Loss
Hamilton-Norwood Hair Loss Scale
For those concerned about hair loss, many myths and half-truths abound, but useful information can be difficult to obtain. An objective overview of pattern hair loss is presented herein.
In healthy well-nourished individuals of both genders, the most common form of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA), also known as pattern hair loss. The disorder affects approximately 40 million American men. Perhaps surprisingly, the same disorder affects about 20 million American women. The difference between women and men is that a woman suffering hair loss usually retains her feminine hairline and experiences thinning behind this leading edge. In men, a distinct "pattern" of loss manifests where the frontal edge recedes at the same time that a thinning zone expands from the posterior crown. In more pronounced cases, these zones meet and the person is said to be clinically bald.
Importantly, three things need to occur in order for one to be affected by AGA. First, one must inherit the genetic predisposition. This means that the problem comes from one or both sides of the family. Second, one needs to attain a certain age. Nine year old children do not experience pattern hair loss. And third, one needs to have the circulating hormones that precipitate onset and progression of the disorder.
Typically, the earliest onset of AGA occurs in late puberty or one's early 20's. As a general rule, the earlier hair loss begins, the more pronounced it is likely to become.
Hormones, Enzymes & Other Factors
Crystallography of DHT molecule
From a susceptibility standpoint, the principle hormonal trigger linked to pattern hair loss is 5-alpha dihydrotestosterone, commonly referred to as DHT. Intriguingly, it has been shown that in persons genetically insensitive to DHT, pattern hair loss does not occur. DHT is synthesized from the androgen hormone testosterone and is useful early in life and during puberty.
Disorders as disparate as benign prostatic hyperplasia and pattern hair loss are both triggered by DHT. Hair loss treatment options that efficiently interfere with the interaction between 5-alpha reductase and androgen hormones like testosterone have been shown to offer clinical benefit in treating pattern hair loss.
Because hair growth is regulated by multiple genes and attendant biochemical pathways, the underlying factors are extremely complex. Another challenge to understanding hair loss has been the fact that humans, alone among mammals, suffer from androgenetic alopecia. Thus, no efficient animal model exists that would otherwise tend to shed light upon the key factors at work.
Hair Loss Variations Other Than AGA
In either gender, the differential diagnosis is typically made based on the patient's history and clinical presentation. The common differentials for AGA include alopecia areata (AA), Trichotillomania, and telogen effluvium. Less often, the cause of hair loss may be associated with disorders such as lupus erythematosis, scabies or other skin manifesting disease processes. Scalp biopsy and lab assay may be useful in ascertaining a definitive diagnosis, but, in such cases, should generally only follow an initial clinical evaluation by a qualified treating physician.
Pattern Hair Loss Treatment Options
It has wryly been observed that the choices for dealing with hair loss are "rugs, drugs, or plugs". This quip articulates three treatment options that are more kindly referred to as non-surgical hair systems, surgical hair restoration, and pharmacotherapy. A fourth option has recently evolved, which will also be touched on herein. This is non-drug based therapy.
Typical Hair Piece
Hair replacement systems have been in regular use at least since the time of ancient Egypt. These products also go by the term hair integration systems, wigs, weaves, hair pieces, toupees and many other names.
Such attachment to the living scalp is almost never permanent, and for good reason. Aside from the fact that the unit itself wears out, basic hygiene dictates that the wearer regularly remove the unit to clean the underlying hair and scalp. There are almost always three basic elements to a hair replacement system. The first is the hair itself which may be synthetic, natural, or a combination thereof. The second element is the base of the unit. Typically, the hair is woven in to a fabric-like base which is then attached in some fashion to the scalp. This brings up the third element; which is the means of attachment. Methods include sewing the base to the fringe hair, gluing the base to the fringe hair, or gluing the base to the bald scalp.
Potential advantages to hair systems include the immediacy of achieving a full hair "look" that can appear, to the casual observer, to approximate a full head of hair. The potential disadvantages of hair systems are many and varied.
In persons who are actively losing hair, vs. those who are essentially bald, the hair system itself may rapidly accelerate the process of going bald. Another disadvantage is the hard leading edge that can give away the fact that a person is wearing a hair system. In the past, this problem has been addressed by using delicate lace front artificial hairlines that look quite natural but tend to be extremely fragile.
Hair systems must be serviced and eventually replaced themselves because they are nonliving. The costs of servicing and maintaining a hair replacement system are not insubstantial-- and such costs can dramatically exceed the initial price of acquisition.
Surgical Hair Restoration
Surgical hair restoration, commonly known as hair transplantation, exploits a phenomenon first described in the 1950's. This phenomenon, donor dependence refers to the observation that hair bearing tissue, when relocated to a previously balding area of the same person's scalp, continues to produce viable, vigorously hair that persists in its new location as it otherwise would, had it not been "relocated". In appropriately selected patients, surgical hair restoration can constitute a positive solution to pattern hair loss
There are important caveats to hair transplantation. The first concerns supply and demand. At the present time, one may not transplant hair from one person to another without causing a destructive and florid foreign body response in the recipient. Thus, both operator and patient are relegated to whatever permanent hair bearing tissue is in place. Accordingly, it is highly important to conserve and strategically place this precious resource appropriately.
A hair line that is too abrupt or spotty may look worse than it did before it was restored. By the same token, hair behind the leading edge that is not restored in a fashion that yields meaningful density (e.g. 1 hair per mm/sq) often fails to approximate a full head of hair.
The third caveat to hair transplantation refers to a problem known as chasing a receding hair line. Because hair loss is relentless and progressive, it is possible that donor hair restored integrated into an apparently intact area of scalp hair may end up as an island of hair because the hair behind it continues to erode. In this situation, patients are compelled to augment hair behind the restoration zone in order to retain a full appearance. This works reasonably well until either the hair stops thinning or one eventually runs out of donor hair.
Ideally, for persons undergoing transplant surgery, it would be helpful to incorporate a treatment option that safely and effectively arrested the progression of hair loss, allowing the treating surgeon to fill in the thin areas without the concern of chasing a receding hair line.
Drug-based Hair Loss Treatment Options
From a treatment perspective, the two most widely used therapeutic interventions against pattern hair loss have been topical minoxidil and oral finasteride.
Minoxidil, first sold under the trade-name Rogaine( TM) was initially developed as the oral antihypertensive drug, Loniten( TM). In some patients who used minoxidil to treat blood pressure problems, it was observed that unusual hair growth occurred on the face and scalp. This was somewhat colloquially referred to as the werewolf affect. > From this observation, topical compositions containing minoxidil were successfully tested on balding scalps. Rogaine( TM) (2% minoxidil) was the first hair loss treatment drug approved by the FDA for use in men. Eventually, Rogaine( TM) (2% minoxidil) was approved for use in women. Extra Strength Rogaine( TM) (5% minoxidil) was approved by the FDA for use solely in men.
The advantages of Rogaine( TM) include the ability to arrest, and possibly reverse, pattern hair loss. Based on Pfizer's own marketing materials, Rogaine( TM) has primarily been shown to be effective in treating hair loss in the vertex and posterior scalp, but not the anterior hairline. Minoxidil is a potent drug with potential side effects that include hypotension and skin irritation.
Finasteride, a selective type II 5-alpha reductase inhibitor was originally developed, in 5 mg oral dosage, under the trade name Proscar( TM) to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It was hypothesized that finasteride could be clinically useful in both pathologies because BPH is linked biochemically to the same metabolic pathways that trigger pattern hair loss. From this work, Propecia( TM) (1 mg finasteride) was developed. In placebo-controlled studies on men with mild to moderate hair loss, Propecia( TM) was shown to produce clinically relevant benefit in arresting, and in some cases, reversing the progression of the disorder. Propecia( TM) is not indicated for use in women. Noted side effects include reduced libido, as well as reduced ejaculate volume. Gynecomastia (male breast enlargement) is another potential side effect. Finasteride can also artificially lower the levels of a key protein (PSA) used to screen for prostate cancer. Finasteride is considered a teratogen (may cause feminizing birth defects) and should not be handled by pregnant women or even those persons who may come into contact with pregnant women.
Like finasteride, dutasteride was originally developed to treat BPH. Unlike finasteride however, dutasteride inhibits both isoforms of 5-alpha reductase, while finasteride inhibits only type II 5-alpha reductase. Interestingly, a clinical study undertaken by GlaxoSmithKline, the EPICS trial, did not find dutasteride to be more effective than finasteride in treating BPH.
At the present time, dutasteride is approved to treat BPH. Clinical trials for dutasteride as a hair loss drug were Monat hair care undertaken, but halted in late 2002. Potential side effects noted with the use of dutasteride include gynecomastia, changes to PSA levels, teratogenic effects and others that closely parallel the negative side effect profile described by the makers of finasteride.
In December 2006, GlaxoSmithKline embarked on a new Phase III, six month study in Korea to test the safety, tolerability and effectiveness of a once-daily dose of dutasteride (0.5 mg) for the treatment of AGA in the vertex region of the scalp (types IIIv, IV and V on the Hamilton-Norwood scale). The future impact that this study will have on the FDA's approval or disapproval of Avodart for the treatment of male pattern baldness in the United States is yet to be determined.
On occasion, but specifically in female patients drugs including spironalactone & flutamide have, on occasion been used off-label to treat various forms of hair loss. Each drug comes with a host of potential side effects, and none has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of pattern hair loss.
Non-drug based Hair Loss Treatment Options
Recently, botanically derived substances have come under serious investigation as potentially useful tools against AGA. This effort has been largely pioneered by the makers of HairGenesis(TM). After the creation of HairGenesis(TM) a number of other products came on the market. Some incorporated drugs like minoxidil. Others, used variations on the theme of non-drug based formulations. Aside from HairGenesis(TM), none has been supported with a third party, IRB monitored, placebo-controlled, double blind study-- published in the peer-reviewed medical literature. This makes HairGenesis(TM) unique in the category. For those wishing to see how HairGenesis(TM) is thought to compare to other hair loss treatment options, a review of the HairGenesis(TM) Comparison Page is encouraged.
Inasmuch as the bulk of this website focuses on the benefits associated with HairGenesis(TM), the numerous points in favor of HairGenesis(TM) treatment will not be reiterated herein. Two points are relevant to the present discussion, however, and will be concisely articulated.
First, the complex of naturally derived active substances used in HairGenesis(TM) have been shown to operate through pathways and mechanisms that are unique from one another, as well as separate and apart from those within which drug-based treatments work. Suffice to say that this observation has presented a unique opportunity to develop HairGenesis into a "cocktail" treatment wherein formulation synergy would most likely occur.
In plain English, this means that HairGenesis(TM) has been designed to be greater than the sum of its parts.
In healthy well-nourished individuals of both genders, the most common form of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia (AGA), also known as pattern hair loss. These products also go by the term hair integration systems, wigs, weaves, hair pieces, toupees and many other names. Surgical hair restoration, commonly known as hair transplantation, exploits a phenomenon first described in the 1950's. By the same token, hair behind the leading edge that is not restored in a fashion that yields meaningful density (e.g. 1 hair per mm/sq) often fails to approximate a full head of hair. Because hair loss is relentless and progressive, it is possible that donor hair restored integrated into an apparently intact area of scalp hair may end up as an island of hair because the hair behind it continues to erode.
With summer around the corner it's time for parents to start thinking about ways to get their kids away from the TV and computer and outside for fresh air, exercise and fun. Unless your kids have a reason to venture outside they probably won't, preferring to idle the hours away with television re-runs, video games and social networking. If there is a giant, colorful bounce house in the front or back yard you may want to stay clear of the door as they rush to the carnival like amusement toy.
Bounce houses, also known as jumpers or combo jumpers are safe inflatable structures that provide hours of fun for kids of all ages. Available in a wide variety of themes and with options for obstacle courses, race courses and even water slides inflatable jumpers are one of the best outdoor toys you can find for occupying a young child's imagination.
Bounce houses and jumper combos are designed to withstand heavy use and the materials used are commercial grade and puncture proof so even big kids and adults can get in on the fun. Most bounce houses inflate in just a few minutes with a strong UL blower that can be placed at a safe distance from the structure with a long fill tube so it doesn't interfere with the action.
Large pillars are conveniently placed in strategic areas of the inflatable house structure to provide a durable and sturdy frame that won't collapse under pressure or weight. Many inflatable jumpers and combo jumpers come with instructions for assembly and even repair kits to do minor patch repairs on your own.
Inflatable jumpers are great for large families and any kid party celebration. Unlike swing sets, trampolines and other outdoor activity sets that need constant adult supervision to prevent injury bounce houses are much safer and when you keep the number of kids in the structure to a safe maximum there is very little you have to worry about in terms of injuries and accidents. Many bounce house sets feature high quality safety netting in open areas to prevent falls and the amount of air blown into to the structure is sufficient to prevent anyone obstacle course cincinnati from hitting the ground.
Bounce houses can be rented for day parties or purchased so you have a full-time indoor and outdoor play set for your kids. No matter what your kids are in to you'll have no trouble finding an inflatable jumper theme to match their interests including pirate ships, castles, jungle safaris, monster trucks, sports arenas and much more.
For great deals on bounce houses, inflatable jumpers and other fun kid party games go to Inflatable 2000 and get ready to let the good times roll.
If there is a giant, colorful bounce house in the front or back yard you may want to stay clear of the door as they rush to the carnival like amusement toy.
Unlike swing sets, trampolines and other outdoor activity sets that need constant adult supervision to prevent injury bounce houses are much safer and when you keep the number of kids in the structure to a safe maximum there is very little you have to worry about in terms of injuries and accidents. Many bounce house sets feature high quality safety netting in open areas to prevent falls and the amount of air blown into to the structure is sufficient to prevent anyone from hitting the ground.
1. Oprah said so.
2. It looks like the robot from "Lost In Space".
3. Brad and Angelina are adopting one.
For those of you who make your decisions based on real information, here are some cool portable air conditioner facts.
A goldmine of enlightening information can be uncovered by visiting forums. When I wanted to tap into the experiences of actual portable air conditioner owners, all I had to do was Google "portable air conditioner forums" and Voila!, I had instant access to pages of relevant information from 3 different forums.
I encourage you to try this technique. Just substitute any generic product or service description for "portable air conditioners" plus the word "forums".
What I uncovered was concerns over energy consumption, how energy consumption impacts circuit load, noise level, venting, the disposal of water from the dehumidifying process, and of course, price.
Portable Air Conditioner Energy Consumption -
In the United States, the average air conditioner runs 750 hours each year. Since air conditioners use a lot of electricity, their efficiency has become a public issue. The EER, or Energy Efficiency Rating, is the ratio of the Btu's per hour to the number of watts the unit draws.
Many units have ratings around 12 which are good. The highest rated portable air conditioner I could find was the Amcor AL10000E.
Portable Air Conditioner Circuit Load -
Before you start your search for a portable air conditioner, check your breaker box for the number of amps available to the room you want cooled. If you buy a unit that draws 14.5 amps on a 15 amp circuit, you'll have the additional but unintended cooling effect of sitting in the dark while enjoying your new portable air conditioner.
How Noisy Is A Portable Air Conditioner?
Most portable air conditioners that deliver 14,000 Btu's or less have a noise level around 50 decibels. At 60 decibels, a 16,000 Btu unit is slightly noisier.
Portable Air Conditioner Venting -
There is some controversy as to whether a dual hose unit is superior to the single hose configuration. On one hand, a single hose unit will exhaust from the room some portion of the cool air it just produced.
On the other hand, a dual hose unit eliminates this problem, but the warmer unconditioned air used to cool their compressors results in slightly less efficiency. They also use two internal fans which result in slightly higher energy usage.
Another hot topic at the forums that people are venting about is having to wrap insulation around the hose of their single hose unit. This is done to prevent the hot exhaust hose from adding heat back into the room. Personally, I can't think of anything better than duct tape wrapped around insulation to brighten up a room.
Water Water Everywhere -
Portable air conditioners offer three methods for disposing of the water extracted by the dehumidifier component.
The most convenient is auto evaporation which eliminates the need for drains or reservoirs. The reliability of this method varies from unit to unit.
The second method is direct drain using a hose attached to the unit. This can be problematic unless the unit is located near a floor drain. Not much chance of that, so you'll have to use a bucket.
And finally, you get to empty the pan yourself. When the pan fills up, just make sure the pan is large enough so click here the air conditioner doesn't shut off in the middle of the night.
I think price is a secondary consideration to efficiency. As usual, a higher priced unit that operates more efficiently will always end up costing less in the long run than a cheaper, less efficient model.
Portable air conditioners are much less efficient than comparable window units and cost roughly twice as much. What you're paying for is the flexibility to roll it from one room to another or into a closet for easy storage.
Another Option to Consider -
For the price of a portable air conditioner you might be able to buy a window air conditioner AND a new window to put it in.
When I wanted to tap into the experiences of actual portable air conditioner owners, all I had to do was Google "portable air conditioner forums" and Voila! In the United States, the average air conditioner runs 750 hours each year. Since air conditioners use a lot of electricity, their efficiency has become a public issue. The highest rated portable air conditioner I could find was the Amcor AL10000E. Most portable air conditioners that deliver 14,000 Btu's or less have a noise level around 50 decibels.
Through internet car loans, you can get the best and lowest rates of interest to finance your car. The business is abuzz with several lending companies, banks and other financial institutions who are offering car loans online at cheaper rates than through the physical mode.
The Online Process For Auto Loans
The internet process is very simple. You'll have to fill up an online application form. In this you will be asked for details regarding your loan amount, tenure, income, expenses etc. The quotes that you receive will be after checking your credit ratings. If you have a bad credit record, you will get higher rates of interest. One way to lower the rates is by making as much down payment as possible.
After you submit the form, you will receive the approval and the quotes. The internet car loans companies are straightforward and very honest about what you qualify for and what will be the conditions. You will get the best deal without having to deal personally with a salesperson or financing officer. This is because, in case of online loans, the overhead costs of the companies are very low. This saving is passed on to you in the way of low interest rates. This creates a good name for the company and attracts more customers.
Online car loans have made things much simpler and faster for you. After you receive the quotes and other terms, you can send them your consent. The money is ready to be disbursed and it can be disbursed online. If that's more convenient for you, you may ask for a paper cheque.
For the repayment of internet car loans, you may opt for the online mode. Make sure there is enough balance in your bank account so that the cheque does not bounce.
Kinds Of Internet Loans Available
There are two types of internet car loans available: secured and unsecured. In secured loans, you have to offer collateral against your loan, and you get much lower rates.
If you have a bad credit record, you can still get online car loans, but at a higher rate. If instead of having poor credit, you are being offered a low interest rate, look for the credentials of the company. Always go through the fine print thoroughly, make sure there are no hidden costs or unrealistic terms and conditions. The reputation and experience of the company matters a lot. You can also go by word of mouth while deciding on the internet car loans [http://www.car-loans-online.info/internetautoloans.html] company. A well researched and informed decision taken by you will here be beneficial in the long run.
Through internet car loans, you can get the best and lowest rates of interest to finance your car. The business is abuzz with several lending companies, banks and other financial institutions who are offering car loans online at cheaper rates than through the physical mode. For the repayment of internet car loans, you may opt for the online mode. In secured loans, you have to offer collateral against your loan, and you get much lower rates. If you have a bad credit record, you can still get online car loans, but at a higher rate.